Paying the Price: A Study on Criminalization of Land and Environmental Rights Defenders in East Africa

Author: Rights and Resources Initiative, International Land Coalition, & Open Society Initiative for Eastern Africa

Date: February 8, 2021

The objectives of this paper include the following:

  • To gather data on cases of violence and/or criminalization of land and environmental rights defenders (LERDs) in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda
  • To collect information on existing strategies and resources to address the criminalization of LERDs in East Africa
  • To map organizations working on the issue at the local, national, and regional levels
  • To understand the steps leading to violence against or criminalization of human rights defenders
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