RRI’s Forest Tenure data tracks forest area under four tenure categories based on the rightsholder and strength of their rights under national law, employing a bundle of rights approach that links RRI’s qualitative and quantitative data. Evidence from 58 countries covering nearly 92 percent of the world’s forests shows communities’ legal rights to own and manage forests have increased since 2002, with most of these gains occurring within 33 low- and middle-income countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Yet, significant challenges in implementation remain and communities continue to contest lands controlled by governments and other actors. Learn more below, and read about the methodology here.
For more than a decade, RRI has been connecting and organizing local and global actors around a common agenda guided by Indigenous and community partners.
Explore country-level data on the distribution of Forest Tenure over time. Click on the country name to learn more about the legal frameworks recognizing community-based tenure, including the specific rights of Indigenous, Afro-descendant, and community women.
Designated for Indigenous Peoples, Afro-descendant Peoples, and Local Communities20022017
Owned by Indigenous Peoples, Afro-descendant Peoples, and Local Communities20022017
Privately Owned by Individuals and Firms20022017