Reconciling Conservation and Global Biodiversity Goals with Community Land Rights in Asia

Author: Twenty Indigenous and Local Community Organizations across Asia

Date: February 7, 2022

Globally, Indigenous Peoples and local communities have long been custodians of biodiversity. Their customary territories are estimated to contain 36% of the world’s remaining intact forest landscapes and 80% of remaining biodiversity. Yet, just about 8.7% of territories held by Asia’s Indigenous Peoples and local communities are legally recognized.

This report is a product of an extensive collaboration between 20 Indigenous and local community organizations across South and Southeast Asia. It frames conservation beyond being an issue of natural resource management and highlights the question of governance, autonomy, and sovereignty of Indigenous Peoples and local communities to achieve their self-determined development aspirations.

It brings together data and stories from communities on the ground to re-position global human rights and conservation discourses at the center of Asia’s unique political realities.

Read the Executive Summary or Full Report in Bahasa Indonesian.

Report Co-Authors

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact; Badan Registrasi Wilayah Adat; Cambodian Indigenous Peoples Alliance; Cambodia Indigenous Peoples Organization; Centre for Orang Asli Concerns; Center for Indigenous Peoples’ Research and Development; Federation of Community Forestry Users, Nepal; Indigenous Media Network; Indigenous Peoples Foundation for Education and Environment; Indigenous Peoples Partnership; Indonesian Institute for Forest and Environment; Inter Mountain Peoples Education and Culture in Thailand Association; Jaringan Kerja Pemetaan Partisipatif; Land Conflict Watch; Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities; Network of Indigenous Peoples in Thailand; Non-Timber Forest Products – Exchange Programme; Partners of Community Organizations in Sabah Trust; Promotion of Indigenous and Nature Together; Rights and Resources Initiative; and Working Group ICCAs Indonesia.
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