This analysis reports on trends in global forest tenure over the fifteen-year period from 2002-2017. It is the fourth in a series of analyses monitoring the legal recognition of forest tenure around the world according to four categories of legally recognized (statutory) forest tenure: government administered, designated for Indigenous Peoples and local communities, owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities, and privately owned by individuals and firms.

Power and Potential

A new analysis from RRI provides an unprecedented assessment of legal frameworks regarding indigenous and rural women’s community forest rights in 30 developing countries comprising 78 percent of the developing world’s forests.

Who Owns the Land in Africa?

This brief summarizes findings on community ownership and control of lands in 19 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Who Owns the World’s Land?

The first analysis to quantify the amount of land formally recognized by national governments as owned or controlled by Indigenous Peoples and local communities around the world.

What Future for Reform?

While governments are increasingly recognizing local ownership and control of forests, forest tenure arrangements remain in dispute or unclear in many places, including low, middle, and high income countries.

What Rights?

A legal analysis of the national legislation assessing whether these legal systems recognize the community rights to access, withdraw, manage, exclude and alienate to forest resources and land.

Who Owns the Forests of Africa?

In recent decades there has been a shift away from government control of forest land towards increasing access and ownership for indigenous groups, communities, individuals,…

From Exclusion to Ownership?

This report measures whether governments have continued to reduce their legal ownership and control of the world’s forests from 2002 – 2008, and assesses the implications of forest tenure change for forest peoples, governments, and the global community.

Who Owns the World’s Forests?

The questions of who owns the forests, who claims them, who has access to them and further, who should own them, are hotly contested in many forest regions of the world.