• Conclusions Principales
  • Analyse Connexe

Conclusions Principales

  • Only 6 out of the 51 recent cases of land-related conflicts in Southeast Asia have been resolved. Almost three quarters (74 percent) have lasted more than six years, creating spiraling costs and considerable uncertainty.
  • In Southeast Asia, 47 percent of cases involved violence, with 18 percent resulting in fatalities. These levels were slightly greater than those found elsewhere around the world, in which 44 percent involved violence and 15 percent resulted in fatalities.
  • More than three quarters of these conflicts (76 percent) started before operations began, which typically reveals a lack of initial good-faith negotiations with the affected communities. In comparison, a little more than half of African conflicts (56 percent) started before operations began.
  • Displacement of local peoples—forcing entire communities to leave their customary lands—was the primary driver of almost half of these disputes (45 percent). In comparison, displacement was the primary driver in almost two-thirds of African disputes (63 percent).
  • On average, the Southeast Asian conflicts examined were just 33 kilometers from a national border, compared with 61 kilometers in Africa. Border regions typically have less oversight from governments and third-party observers, presenting a greater level of investment risk.
  • Almost two thirds of the disputes (65 percent) led to significant material impact for project backers, either as a result of direct action or regulatory intervention, compared to 52 percent in the rest of the world. Almost three quarters (71 percent) of the cases involved legal action.

Infographie

Analyse Connexe

Press Release [PDF]

Factsheet: Tenure and Investment in Southeast Asia  [PDF]

Report 1: Tenure and Investment in Southeast Asia: Comparative Analysis of Key Trends [PDF]

Report 2: Tenure and Investment: Maritime Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia) [PDF]

Report 3: Tenure and Investment: Continental Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam) [PDF]