• Hallazgos Principales
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Hallazgos Principales

  • The study analyzed 289 ongoing land-related conflicts in the country. Together these conflicts affect close to 32 lakhs (3.2 million) people and span close to 12 lakhs (1.2 million) hectares of land in India. These conflicts affect industrial or development projects amounting to roughly Rs. 12 lakhs crores (Rs. 12 trillion) in investment.
  • Infrastructure projects account for almost half of all of the land related conflicts documented by the study.
  • Three-quarters of the land-related conflicts involved common lands, either forests or non-forests.
  • More than 40 percent of all land-related conflicts involve forest lands, mostly concentrated in regions where customary rights of tribal communities are not recognized.
  • Land acquisition by the government is a major cause of land conflict, involving 60 percent of all reported cases.
  • Districts affected by left-wing extremism have 1.5 times greater number of land conflicts compared to the national average.
  • Districts with Schedule V Areas, have 1.5 times greater number of conflicts than the national average. They account for almost one-third of the total number of people affected by conflicts.
  • In order to sustain and expand India’s socioeconomic development, it is imperative that the government respect its communities’ legal land rights, and ensure that their formal as well as customary jurisdiction over commons is recognized and respected.


Map | Distribution of Conflicts Across Districts, India | November 2016

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