At the same time, however, there is a lack of progress in implementing laws and policies on the ground, as well as countervailing pressures on forests and other community lands that threaten to impinge on or even roll back the recognition of rights. Pressures on rural and forest areas from industrial agriculture and extractive sectors, exclusive protected areas and carbon markets highlight the need for new and increased efforts to ensure that forest communities can truly realize their rights and secure benefits from them.

In the face of slowing tenure reforms and rollback, more evidence-based strategic advocacy is urgently needed. RRI’s works to build the evidence base and advocacy case for community land rights as a central element of global development goals and support to the LandMark Map, which uses participatory community mapping to increase global visibility of areas held and claimed by Indigenous Peoples and local communities as a tool to increase security of rights.

Key Realizing Rights Analyses

  • From Risk and Conflict to Peace and Prosperity

    Amid the realities of major political turbulence, there was growing recognition in 2016 that community land rights are key to ensuring peace and prosperity, economic development, sound investment, and climate change mitigation and adaptation.

  • Who Owns the World’s Land?

    The first analysis to quantify the amount of land formally recognized by national governments as owned or controlled by Indigenous Peoples and local communities around the world.

  • What Future for Reform?

    While governments are increasingly recognizing local ownership and control of forests, forest tenure arrangements remain in dispute or unclear in many places, including low, middle, and high income countries.

  • What Rights?

    A legal analysis of the national legislation assessing whether these legal systems recognize the community rights to access, withdraw, manage, exclude and alienate to forest resources and land.

  • From Exclusion to Ownership?

    This report measures whether governments have continued to reduce their legal ownership and control of the world’s forests from 2002 – 2008, and assesses the implications of forest tenure change for forest peoples, governments, and the global community.

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