The Board also receives input on governance from regular meetings of RRI Partners, which often take place simultaneously with meetings of the Board.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Tapani OksanenChair of the Board
Former Indufor Oy, Finland
Tapani OksanenTapani Oksanen began his career as a forest economist and expert in community-based small-scale forest industry development and extension, working for the FAO in Honduras and the highlands of Peru. In the early 1990s, Tapani held the position of Forest Adviser in the development department of the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs (then FINNIDA). His experience as a consultant includes clients such as the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, Sida, Norad, the Nordic Development Fund, DFID, GTZ, the World Bank, IDB, FAO, UNDP, and the European Commission, with a geographic focus on Latin America, Eastern and Southern Africa, and Southeast Asia. He has held the positions of Managing Director and Chairman of the Board of Indufor, one of the leading forest and forest industry consulting companies in Finland. From 2005 to 2007 Tapani worked as the Task Team Leader for the World Bank Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) Program. Tapani lives in Helsinki, from where he continues to engage in consultancy work as an independent adviser. He has M.Sc. degrees in forest products marketing and in the social economics of forestry from the University of Helsinki.
Saskia OzingaSaskia Ozinga is the founder and campaign coordinator of FERN. Born in Beverwijk, the Netherlands, she studied biology and healthcare at Wageningen University and the Hogeschool Utrecht. Since graduating, she worked as a teacher in environmental science at the Hogeschool Utrecht and for nearly ten years as a campaigner at Friends of the Earth Netherlands. She founded FERN in 1995. While at FERN she has facilitated various NGO coalitions on different topics related to forests and community rights, and written and published numerous books, articles and reports on themes like forest certification, trade and forests, effective advocacy, improving forest governance and forests and climate.
Chitra SubramaniamChitra Subramaniam had an extensive career in India’s premier banking institution, the State Bank of India, for over 35 years before retiring as a General Manager in 2015. She served in several senior executive positions including as Chief Vigilance Officer of the Indian bank (on secondment) where she reviewed the Bank’s risk profile and initiated a series of improvements to its controls, audit, investigation systems and procedures to mitigate risks and streamline operational efficiencies. As Head of State Bank’s ATM operations in Tamilnadu and Pondicherry, she led teams that planned and managed the installation of a network of over a thousand ATMs, including addressing the technical and security risks. Her areas of expertise include retail banking and liability management, credit appraisal including balance sheet and cash flow statement analysis, risk profiling and pricing, control and supervision of loans and stressed assets management. In all her senior Management roles, she was also responsible for formulating and implementing strategies to achieve business goals of the Bank. She has also been actively involved in the implementation of poverty alleviation programmes of the Bank, working in partnership with NGOs and community groups. Chitra holds a Master’s degree in Chemistry from India and an MBA from the US. She is also a certified associate of the Indian Institute of Bankers.
Arun AgrawalArun Agrawal is a Professor at the School of Natural Resources & Environment at the University of Michigan. His research and teaching emphasize the politics of international development, institutional change, and environmental conservation. He has written critically on indigenous knowledge, community-based conservation, common property, population and resources, and environmental identities. He coordinates the International Forestry Resources and Institutions network, and is currently carrying out research in central and east Africa and South Asia. He is the author of Greener Pastures and Environmentality, and his recent work has appeared in Science, PNAS, Conservation Biology, World Development, and Development and Change among other journals.
International Foundation for Science
Nighisty GhezaeDr. Nighisty Ghezae is the Director of the International Foundation for Science (IFS). She has a B.A. in economics, an MSc in the legal and institutional management of water resources, and PhDs in natural water resources management, as well as international economics (focusing on the impact of the global economy on Africa and its development). She has more than 30 years of professional experience as a lecturer, researcher, senior network officer, training organizer, program and project leader, and evaluator. As a network officer with the Global Water Partnership she managed a number of integrated water resources management projects and led the work program of four regional offices in Africa and two in the Mediterranean. Serving as a Head of Programme at IFS, she’s coordinated its programme of activities, helped develop strategy and policy, oversaw research areas, coordinated and evaluated supporting activities provided to the IFS constituency, and supervised programme staff.
Michael JenkinsMichael is President of Forest Trends. From 1989-1999, he was the Associate Director for the Global Security and Sustainability Program of the MacArthur Foundation. Michael’s responsibilities with the Program included all grant-making in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as overarching program management. In 1998, Michael was in a joint appointment as a Senior Forestry Advisor to the World Bank. Before entering the MacArthur Foundation, he worked for three years as an agroforester in Haiti with the USAID Agroforestry Outreach Program. Previous to that, he worked with a Washington-based development organization, Appropriate Technology International, as a technical advisor. In the late 1970s, Michael was a Peace Corps volunteer in Paraguay working in agriculture, apiculture, and forestry projects. He has traveled and worked throughout Latin America, Asia and parts of Africa, and speaks Spanish, French, Portuguese, Creole, and Guaraní. Michael has contributed to a number of books and articles, and with Island Press published “The Business of Sustainable Forestry: Strategies for an Industry in Transition.” He holds a master’s of Forest Science from Yale University.
Centre for Environment and Development
Samuel NguiffoSamuel Nguiffo is a Cameroonian lawyer working on community rights/tenure in Cameroon and the Congo basin. He is the Secretary General of the Center for Environment and Development in Yaoundé, which he created in 1995 with the specific aim of realizing sustainable management of Central Africa’s forests. Samuel was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1999 for his efforts to protect the tropical rainforests of Central Africa.
Margaret Anne (Peggy) SmithMember
Lakehead University, Canada
Margaret Anne (Peggy) SmithPeggy is a Registered Professional Forester with the Ontario Professional Foresters Association. She has taught Policy and Legislation in Natural Resources, Environmental Assessment, Aboriginal Peoples and Natural Resources and Natural Resources Development and Aboriginal Peoples in the Faculty of Law. Her research interests have focussed on the social impacts of natural resources management, especially Indigenous peoples’ rights, community forestry, public participation, northern development, and forest certification. Peggy is a member of the Forest Stewardship Council’s Policy and Standards Committee and a member of FSC Canada’s Standards Development Group. Peggy continues her longstanding affiliation as Senior Advisor with the National Aboriginal Forestry Association, an Indigenous-controlled non-profit organization with the goal of increasing Indigenous participation in the forest sector.
Andy WhiteEx-Officio Member
Rights and Resources Group