At the same time, however, there is a lack of progress in implementing laws and policies on the ground, as well as countervailing pressures on forests and other community lands that threaten to impinge on or even roll back the recognition of rights. Pressures on rural and forest areas from industrial agriculture and extractive sectors, exclusive protected areas and carbon markets highlight the need for new and increased efforts to ensure that forest communities can truly realize their rights and secure benefits from them.

In the face of slowing tenure reforms and rollback, more evidence-based strategic advocacy is urgently needed. RRI’s works to build the evidence base and advocacy case for community land rights as a central element of global development goals and support to the LandMark Map, which uses participatory community mapping to increase global visibility of areas held and claimed by Indigenous Peoples and local communities as a tool to increase security of rights.