The lack of governmental recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ and local communities’ land rights drives tenure-related conflict across the rural developing world. Such conflicts arise between companies seeking to access land for production of commodities or provision of infrastructure, and communities with customary claims to the land in question. The potential for conflict is widespread, as demonstrated by research that shows that at least 93 percent of emerging market concessions are inhabited. One constraint to addressing this issue is that private companies and investors operating in rural areas of the developing world lack reliable environmental and social data upon which to base decisions.
To address the scarcity of reliable tenure data available to the private sector, RRI partnered with TMP Systems, an international consultancy with expertise in economic development, the environment, and land use, to create two complementary tools: IAN:Risk and IAN:Diligence. These toolkits use geospatial data to not only indicate where insecure tenure is likely to cause problems, but also identify implementation-ready processes to help companies and investors counter tenure risk at each stage of the project lifecycle.
These tools not only provide private sector actors with resources to make more informed decisions, but also provide a platform and best practices for engagement with local communities about the concessions process to minimize the likelihood of conflicts that could delay or halt a project and harm local communities.